As Shameful As Black Slavery
The Irish in Colonial America were considered
“Niggers Turned Inside Out”
“Negro slavery was efficiently established in colonial America because Black slaves were governed, organized and controlled by the structures and organization that were first used to enslave and control Whites. Black slaves were ‘late comers fitted into a system already developed.'”
(Michael Hoffman, They Were White and They Were Slaves and Ulrich B. Phillips, Life and Labor in the Old South, pp. 25, 26)
Irish Slave Facts
The Irish slave trade began when James II sold 30,000 Irish prisoners as slaves to the New World. His Proclamation of 1625 required Irish political prisoners be sent overseas and sold to English settlers in the West Indies.
By the mid 1600s, the Irish were the main slaves sold to Antigua and Montserrat (70% of the total population of Montserrat were Irish slaves at this time).
From 1641 to 1652, over 500,000 Irish were killed by the English and over 300,000 were sold as slaves.
Ireland’s population fell from about 1,500,000 to 600,000 in one single decade.
During the 1650s, over 100,000 Irish children between the ages of 10 and 14 were forcibly taken from their parents and sold as slaves in the West Indies, Virginia and New England. Another 52,000 Irish (mostly women and children) were sold to Barbados and Virginia while 30,000 Irish men were sold to the highest bidder.
In 1656, Oliver Cromwell ordered that 2000 Irish children be taken to Jamaica and sold as slaves to English settlers.
African slaves were very expensive (50 Sterling), had to be transported long distances and paid for not only in Africa but in the New World. Irish slaves were cheap (no more than 5 Sterling) and most often were either kidnapped from Ireland, prisoners or forcibly removed. They could be worked to death, whipped or branded without it being a crime. Many, many times they were beat to death and while the death of an Irish slave was a monetary setback, it was far cheaper than the death of an expensive African. Therefore, African slaves were treated much better in Colonial America.
The importation of Irish slaves continued well into the eighteenth century, long after the importation of African slaves became the norm. Records state that after the 1798 Irish Rebellion, thousands of Irish slaves were sold to both America and Australia.
Irish slavery didn’t end until Britain decided to end slavery in 1839 and stopped transporting slaves.
The enactment of 1652 in the British Isles:
“it may be lawful for two or more justices of the peace within any county, citty or towne, corporate belonging to the commonwealth to from tyme to tyme by warrant cause to be apprehended, seized on and detained all and every person or persons that shall be found begging and vagrant.. in any towne, parish or place to be conveyed into the Port of London, or unto any other port from where such person or persons may be shipped into a forraign collonie or plantation.”
The judges of Edinburgh Scotland during the years 1662-1665 ordered the enslavement and shipment to the colonies a large number of rogues and others who made life unpleasant for the British upper class. (Register for the Privy Council of Scotland, third series, vol. 1, p 181, vol. 2, p 101).
White slaves were owned by Negroes and Indians to such an extent in the South that the Virginia Assembly passed a law against the practice!
“It is enacted that noe negro or Indian though baptized and enjoyned their owne ffreedome shall be capable of any such purchase of christians…”
Christians meant Whites
Statutes of the Virginia Assembly, Vol. 2, pp. 280-81)
White Christians were sold on the auction block, in chains
White Christians had their teeth checked and their muscles probed, like cattle
White Christians were stripped naked for all the world to see
White Christian families were split apart
These horrific deeds did not just happen to Africans
These horrific deeds happened to White Christian slaves to satisfy the “need for labor” on the plantations and in the factories of the elite, White and black
It’s estimated that in the colonial period of the United States, up to the Revolutionary war, at least half (some say two thirds) of all the Whites that entered Colonial America were slaves
Some say that the Blacks were slaves, the Whites were servants. Historical documents proves this to be false
In the original documents of the White merchants who transported negroes from Africa for the slave markets the Blacks were called servants
“…one notes that the Company of Royal Adventurers referred to their cargo as ‘Negers,’ ‘Negro-servants,’ ‘servants…from Africa…”
(Handlin. p. 205)
This proves that slavery was not racist
Slavery was classist
Slavery was economic
In the 1600s slaves of both races were called servants
Elite Whites, and some blacks, would enslave whoever they could get, regardless of race
Notice this advertisement includes negro, Indian and a “fresh complexion servant” who has run away
RED NECK IS A MEANS OF POKING FUN AT WHITE PEOPLE WHO WORKED IN THE SUN IN THE WEST INDIES AS SLAVES!
Ad for an East Indian slave
They were equal opportunity slave owners in this country!
Every ad for runaway Negros say just that, “negro”
Oscar Handlin says that “Through the first three-quarters of the 17th century, the Negroes, even in the South, were not numerous…They came into a society in which a large part of the White population was to some degree unfree…The Negroes lack of freedom was not unusual. These Black newcomers, like so many others, were accepted, bought and held, as kinds of servants.”
He goes on to say that the desire for cheap labor caused the elite merchants and land owners to enslave not only the negroes but their own White kindred as well
Blacks were much more expensive than Whites
Therefore, Whites were mistreated more often than blacks
During the Colonial period, Whites did the harder work, such as digging ditches, clearing land, and felling trees
The frontier demands for this kind of heavy manual labor was satisfied primarily by White slaves
As late as 1669 those who had large scale plantations were manning them with White slaves, not negroes
That’s the way it was done in the mother country, Great Britain!
In 1670 the Governor of Virginia said that he had 2000 Negro and 6000 White slaves
Hundreds of thousands of Whites in colonial America were owned outright by their masters and died in slavery
Even the blacks knew this. If they were made to work too hard they accused their masters of
“treating them like the Irish”
Plantation slavery, the final stage of slavery in the United States, does not represent the entire history of slavery in this country
Indentured servants — slaves — working the plantations in South Carolina
This is historical fact
This is the Heritage of America
This is not taught in schools
Shame — Shame — Shame!